Food Gardening

Tomatoes – How they Ripen

If you’ve ever wondered about how tomatoes ripen, how the Flavr Savr tomato was introduced or how biotechnology could affect the lowly tomato, thses lecture notes are for you Tomato Ripening Biology Genetically Modified Food Heat Units to Predict Tomato...

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Eggplant

Solanum melongena var. esculentum Most people recognize eggplants with their dark purple fruits and wonder how they got the name. Actually, there are varieties with small white fruits that look very much like eggs hanging on the plants. • More...

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Broccoli Rabe

A recent e-mail asked a simple question: “Where can I find broccoli rabe seed?”. Now, broccoli I know – but broccoli rabe seemed to be a different kind of plant. Off to the Internet races I went again. I immediately...

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Pea, English and Snap

Pisum sativum var. sativum Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon (Sugar Pea) Peas are decidedly cool-weather plants, intolerant of hot weather. As soon as the weather warms up, production ceases, much to the dismay of many pea-loving gardeners. Plus, peas lose their...

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Onion

Allium cepa One of the oldest crops in human history, gardeners grow these members of the lily family for the immature green bunching onions, often called scallions, or for the mature dry bulbs. Onions seem to have originated in the...

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Okra

Abelmoschus esculentus Okra is a relative of hollyhock and hibiscus that hails from the hottest parts of Africa. Gardeners grow the tall, leafy plants for their immature fruit pods or seed pods that they use to thicken soups and stews...

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Endive – Escarole

Chicorium endivia If you’ve ever had a salad that tasted quite bitter, it probably had one or both of these leafy greens mixed in. • This information can be found in The Georgia Fruit & Vegetable Book by Walter Reeves...

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Leek

Allium ampelopasum The leek is a biennial onion relative that is grown as an annual for its long, thick stem, which is used for mildly flavoring salads, soups, and other cooked dishes. • This information can be found in The...

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New Zealand Spinach

Tetragonia tetragonioides There are few leafy greens that do well in the South in our summer heat; like Malabar spinach, New Zealand spinach is not a true spinach, but fills the bill neatly. Its leaves and shoot tips taste like...

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Malabar Spinach

Basella rubra Also known as “climbing spinach,” this ornamental summer vine, from the tropics of India, is not a true spinach but its thick, fleshy, slightly-crinkled, heart-shaped leaves and tender young shoot tips can be harvested as they grow and...

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Cucumber

Cucumis sativus Cucumbers are vine crops that are closely related to squashes, pumpkins, and melons. They are warm-season plants known for their refreshingly mild fruits. Many kinds of cucumbers have been developed to satisfy the demands of different cuisines. Some...

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Corn, Sweet

Zea mays var. rugosa Who can resist a steaming hot ear of fresh-grown corn on the cob? Being a native crop, it is more American as apple pie. Sweet corn was developed from common field corn. Field corn is harvested...

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Swiss Chard

Beta vulgaris var. cicla Chard, more commonly called Swiss chard, is actually a beet that has been bred for leaves at the expense of the bulbous roots. Grown as a summer green, it is prepared like spinach. • More detailed...

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Jerusalem Artichoke (sunchoke)

Helianthus tuberosus This tall, fall-flowering perennial sunflower is native to the United States, and was used by native Americans used it as a staple food. It grows into a somewhat invasive mass of stalks up to ten feet tall, with...

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Heirloom Tomatoes – Sources

Georgia regulations make it tough for growers outside the state to ship live tomato plants into our state. You can grow tomatoes from seed, but many gardeners don’t want to go through the hassle of planning and caretaking. Fortunately, there...

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Sweet Potato

Sweet Potato Ipomoea batatas Because of their need for long, warm growing conditions, sweet potatoes are often thought of as an exclusive Southern crop – in fact, most of the tropical world depends heavily on the sugary, easy-to-grow member of...

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Tomato Viruses – Identification Resources

Virus Diseases of Tomato Cornell: Important New York Vegetable Diseases Photo Gallery of Tomato Diseases Kansas State: Virus Diseases of Tomato Texas AMU: Photo Gallery of Tomato Diseases Tomato Mosaic Virus Cucumber Mosaic...

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Cauliflower

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis A member of the mustard family, cauliflower and its close relatives are different varieties of Brassica oleracea, commonly called the cole crops. • More detailed information can be found in The Georgia Fruit & Vegetable Book...

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