Zoysiagrass is an excellent lawn grass for Georgia but there is much confusion over the different varieties. Dr. Tim Bowyer, with Patten Seed, made a reference table for me to sort out the lineage of the different zoysia varieties.
|Scientific name||Common name||Commercial name||Description||Released by||Date|
|Zoysia japonica, aka Z Korei (sp?)||Japanese lawngrass, Korean lawngrass, Korean Temple Grass||Meyer||Seed introduced in 1930 from northern Korea – in the US since 1895 – tough wear resistant turf – vegetative propagation only||National Plant Materials Center USDA/ARS and USGA Green Section. Named Meyer in honor of Plant Explorer Frank N. Meyer||1951|
|Midwest||Source prodigy of 40 poly cross F1 selection. Vegetative propagation only.||Selected at Purdue U, W. Lafayette, IN, by Bill Daniel.||1963|
|Z-93||Single plant selection from plants grown from seed of Meyer||National Plant Materials Center - USDA/ARS and USGA Green Section.||1952|
|Zenith||Hybrid F1 seed of 3 way field cross. Propagated by seed and vegetative material.||Patten Seed Company – Jack Murray collection||1995|
|Compadre – Companion||Hybrid F1 seed of 2 way field cross. Propagated by seed and vegetative material||Patten Seed Company – Jack Murray collection||1995|
Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr. var. pacifica Gouds
|Manilagrass||‘from H.N. Vinall in 1927, F.C. 13521 obtained originally from J.B. Norton, Hartsville, SC, probably selection from S.P.I. No. 48574 Vegetative propagation only.||‘from H.N. Vinall in 1927, F.C. 13521 obtained originally from J.B. Norton, Hartsville, SC, probably selection from S.P.I. No. 48574 Vegetative propagation only.||Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station||Not given|
|Zoysia tenuifolia||Mascarenegrass, Korean Velvet Grass, Snake grass||Common zoysia tenuifolia||Generally not mowed and left to grow free form – grass mounding forming void areas under the grass or tunnels. Often found in the Caribbean basin but not originating from there. Native of Kyushu - Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Named in 1834-1836.Vegetative propagation only.||Agricultural Experiment Station Guam||Not given|
|Zoysia japonica X Zoysia tenuifolia||Emerald|| |
Vegetatively propagated F1 selection of field cross including tenuifolia, and Meyer Z japonica. Vegetative propagation only.
|Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station, Tifton, GA and Plant Science Research Division, ARS and USGA||1955|