The first and most important question to ask is how much sun will be available to the grass. It is much better to use a grass that will grow in the conditions available rather than fighting the environment year after year. Fescue grass will tolerate more shade, while bermudagrass would be a better choice for full sun locations. Centipedegrass on the other hand can be grown with little or no fertilizer.
The second question is how much can you afford to spend. Seeding is usually cheaper but sodding will look the best in a short time. Fescue will usually need to be overseeded every two years but the creeping grasses will cover an area without new seed each year.
For very large areas that receive little maintenance, Kentucky 31 fescue or common bermudagrass may be the best choices. Small, high impact areas may need a turf type fescue or a sodded bermudagrass.
It is far better to determine which grass matches the conditions of the area before you plant rather than finding out by experience two years later.
Turfgrasses are divided into two categories: cool season grasses and warm season grasses. Cool season grasses are planted in the fall of the year. These include tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass and ryegrass. The ideal planting dates are September through October. In some cases tall fescue can be planted in early spring, but in general we find that spring planted fescue does not fare as well as fall planted fescue.
Warm season grasses should be planted in the late spring and early summer. The planting dates for bermudagrass, zoysiagrass and centipedegrass are May, June and July. The rates of establishment vary between the grasses. Cool season grasses tend to establish in four to six weeks. Warm season grasses vary greatly. Bermudagrass planted from seed, for example, may take two to three months to establish. Zoysiagrass seed and centipedegrass seed often take four to six months to establish.
By planting these grasses by sod you speed up the rate of establishment. A sodded lawn gives almost instant establishment.
LIGHT LEVELS THAT GRASSES REQUIRE TO GROW SUCCESSFULLY:
Bermudagrass: full sunshine to very light shade
Bermudagrass: newer varieties with a bit of shade tolerance can thrive in light shade (see below)
Centipedegrass: full sunshine to very light shade
‘Meyer’ type zoysiagrass: full sunshine to light shade
‘Emerald’ type zoysiagrass: full sunshine to partial shade
St. Augustinegrass: full sunshine to partial shade
Tall fescue: full sunshine to partial shade
Since light levels are hard to define, use these examples:
Full sunshine: eight hours of unfiltered sunshine sometime between sunrise and sunset
Light shade: six hours of sunshine filtered through high pine foliage or scattered hardwood trees OR six hours of unfiltered sunshine sometime between sunrise and sunset
Partial shade: eight hours of sunshine filtered through high pine foliage OR four hours of direct sunshine between sunrise and sunset
Shade: all day sunshine filtered through scattered hardwood trees OR direct sunshine at least three hours per day
Dense shade: No direct sunshine touches the grass all day, such as the shade under a southern magnolia or the shade between two houses whose shadows prevent sunshine from hitting the earth at all.
No grass will grow well in shade or dense shade. If you have a shady spot, save yourself some grief and plant groundcover or cover the spot with mulch.
You have probably seen the full page advertisements in the Sunday paper touting “Amazing Turf!” or “Miracle Grass!”. Claims are made that the grass is lush, drought tolerant and adapted to much of the United States.
>While there is a small amount of truth in each advertisement, rest assured that if such a grass did exist, it would be quite an achievement.
>The best advice regarding miracle grasses is “Buyer Beware!”